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Worldwide Media Visibility of NATO, the European Union, and the United Nations in Connection to the Russia-Ukraine War


This article presents a theoretical and descriptive account of the worldwide media visibility of NATO, the European Union, and the United Nations in connection to the Russia-Ukraine war. I formulate a theoretical framework that highlights the authority of the three international organizations (IOs) and their actions as the drivers of their media visibility. The empirical analysis is based on a unique dataset that maps, using natural language processing tools, the content of more than 2.9 million news articles published in January-September 2022 across virtually all states of the world and 60 languages. The empirical results show that NATO’s initial media visibility was high but has decreased significantly over time, the EU has maintained a persistently strong media visibility throughout the period, and the visibility of the UN has been characterized by dynamic developments. These findings have important implications for the public image and the role of the three IOs in the war.


Russia-Ukraine war, European Union, NATO, United Nations, media

Research Article (PDF)

Supplementary File(s)

Appendix 1 (PDF) Appendix 2 (PDF) Appendix 3 (PDF)

Author Biography

Michal Parizek

Michal Parizek is Assistant Professor at the Institute of Political Studies at Charles
University. His research focuses on the functioning of international institutions and
global information inter-connectedness. He is the principal investigator of the project
GLOWIN, Global Flows of Political Information ( The results
of his research were published in leading scholarly journals in the IR field, including
International Studies Quarterly (2021), The Review of International Organizations (2017,
2021), New Political Economy (2018), and Comparative European Politics (2018). He is
the author of Negotiations in the World Trade Organization: Design and Performance
(2020, Routledge)