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The Impacts of Executive Responses on Democracy During the Coronavirus Crisis in Croatia, Slovenia and Austria


In Croatia, Slovenia and Austria, the coronavirus crisis raised pre-existing
deficiencies in the democratic orders to the surface, i.e., issues in
functioning according to democratic principles in the circumstances of a
public health crisis. In Austria, the strained executive-legislative relations
were already visible in April 2020, when the opposition parties refused to
support the second wave of crisis legislation without the appraisal process
that would justify its urgency. In Croatia and Slovenia, the governments
decided not to declare a state of emergency, arguably in order to avoid
cooperation with the opposition and other state institutions in drafting and
passing crisis legislation. Finally, in Slovenia, the government used the crisis
as a pretext to install its people into leading positions in several key state
and public institutions.


coronavirus crisis, democracy, executive-legislative relations, authoritarian style of governance, Austria, Croatia, Slovenia

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Author Biography

Hrvoje Butković

Hrvoje Butković works as a Senior Research Associate at the Department for
European Integration of the Institute for Development and International
Relations (IRMO), Zagreb. He defended his PhD in 2010 at the Faculty of
Political Science of the University of Zagreb. His primary research interests
include democracy at the national and supranational level, Europeanization
and industrial relations in Europe. In the areas of EU enlargement and
industrial relations, he participated in the implementation of numerous EC
funded projects. During his professional career he participated in
numerous international scientific conferences, published his research and
organized various conferences, seminars, trainings and other public events.