Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Democracy and Social Conflict in Burma


This article aims to evaluate the implications of the general elections in
Burma in 2015 for the ongoing armed conflicts in this country. The article is
conceptually based on Edward Azar’s theory of protracted social conflict.
This theory was chosen because ethnic armed organizations in Burma have
always emphasized needs such as securing their own identity, security, and
the possibility of political participation, which are the main tenets of Azar’s
theory. For the purposes of this article, a series of field studies in selected
locations was carried out in the years 2016–2017. This research has
complemented some of the previous findings of a number of authors who
have dealt with the region and has shown that the main obstacle to settling
the conflict is the current Burmese constitution, which was issued in 2008
by the former military government at the end of its reign.


Burma, Myanmar, Conflict, 2015 General Elections, Ethnic Armed Organizations

PDF Research Article (Czech)

Author Biography

Michal Kouřil

Michal Kouřil is a graduate of the Asian Studies and International Relations Programe of Metroplitan University Prague. During the 2014–2015 academic year he
spent one semester at Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University in Bangkok,
Thailand, where he was working on his master’s thesis on the subject of the
current role of the Golden Triangle in the international drug trade. He has
completed a number of field researches in Myanmar and northern Thailand
with the support of the MUP grant system. He is currently a Ph.D. candidate
at the Institute of International Relations in Prague. In 2018, he spent half a
year as a visiting research fellow at Thammasat University in Bangkok. His
research interests include armed conflicts and drug geopolitics in Southeast